The broad theme of my research is the nature, measurement, and development of creativity, intelligence, and personality. I am also interested in the many ways people reach their goals, and the many paths to greatness. Below is a sampling of my papers.

See here for a brief summary of my dual-process theory of human intelligence. 


Kozbelt, A., Kaufman, S.B., Walder, D.J., Ospina, L.H., & Kim, J. (2014). The evolutionary genetics of the creativity-psychosis connection. In J.C. Kaufman (Ed.), Creativity and mental illness. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Kaufman, S.B. (2013). Opening up openness to experience: A four-factor model and relations to creative achievement in the arts and sciences. Journal of Creative Behavior, 47, 233-255.

McMillan, R., Kaufman, S.B., & Singer, J.L. (2013). Ode to positive constructive daydreaming. Frontiers in Perception Science, 4:626.

Eskine, K.J., & Kaufman, S.B. (2013). Grounding creative giftedness in the body. In Kim, K.H., Kaufman, J.C., Baer, J., & Sriraman, B. (Eds.), Creatively gifted students are not like other gifted students: Research, theory, and practice. The Netherlands: Sense Publishers.

Forgeard, M. J. C., Kaufman, S. B., & Kaufman, J. C. (2013). The psychology of creative writing. In G. Harper (Ed.), Blackwell companion to creative writing. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.

Beaussart, M.L., Kaufman, S.B., & Kaufman, J.C. (2012). Creative activity, personality, mental illness, and short-term mating success. Journal of Creative Behavior, 46, 151-167.

Kaufman, J.C., & Kaufman, S.B., & Lichtenberger, E.O. (2011). Finding creativity on intelligence tests via divergent productionCanadian Journal of School Psychology, 26, 83-106.

Gabora, L., & Kaufman, S.B. (2010). Evolutionary approaches to creativity. To appear in R.J. Sternberg & J.C. Kaufman (Eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Creativity. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Prozko, J., & Kaufman, S.B. (2010). Review of The Genius in All of Us: Why Everything You’ve Been Told About Genetics, Talent, and IQ Is Wrong by David Shenk. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts.

Kaufman, J.C., Kaufman, S.B., Beghetto, R.A., Burgess, S.A., & Persson, R.S. (2009). Creative giftedness: beginnings, developments, and future promises. In L. Shavinina (Ed.), International handbook on giftedness. Springer Science.

Kaufman, S.B., & Kaufman, J.C. (2009). Putting the parts together: integrative look at the psychology of creative writing. In S.B. Kaufman & J.C. Kaufman (Eds.), The Psychology of Creative Writing. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Kaufman, S.B., & Kozbelt, A. (2009). The tears of a clown: Understanding comedy writers. In S.B. Kaufman & J.C. Kaufman (Eds.), The Psychology of Creative Writing. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Kaufman, S.B., Christopher, E.M. & Kaufman, J.C. (2008). The genius portfolio: How do poets earn their creative reputations from multiple products? Empirical Studies of the Arts, 26, 181-196.

Kaufman, S.B., Kozbelt, A., Bromley, M.L., & Miller, G.F. (2008). The role of creativity and humor in human mate selection. In G. Geher & G. Miller (Eds.), Mating intelligence: Sex, relationships, and the mind’s reproductive system. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Kaufman, S.B. (2008). Commentary: Intuition and creative cognition. Periodicals of implicit cognition, 1, 5-6. 

Kozbelt, A.  & Kaufman, S.B. (2008). Review of The Psychology of Humor: An Integrative Approach by Rod A. Martin. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts.

Kaufman, S.B., & Kaufman, J.C. (2007). Ten years to expertise, ten more to greatness: An investigation of modern writers. Journal of Creative Behavior, 41, 114-124. [pdf]

Kaufman, S.B. (2007). Review of Explaining Creativity: The Science of Human Innovation. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 1, 47-48.

Kaufman, S.B. (2007). Commentary on the deliberate practice view: Investigating the role of domain general mechanisms in the acquisition of domain specific expertise. High Ability Studies, 18, 71-73.

Kaufman, S.B. (2007). Genius. In C.R. Reynolds & Fletcher-Janzen, E. (Eds). Encyclopedia of Special Education (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Wiley.

Kaufman, S.B. (2007). Creativity. In C.R. Reynolds & E. Fletcher-Janzen, (Eds). Encyclopedia of Special Education (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Wiley.

Kaufman, S.B. (2006-2007). Review of Creativity from Constraints: The Psychology of Breakthrough by Patricia D. StokesImagination, Cognition, and Personality26, 273-278. 

Kaufman (2006). Review of Creativity and Reason in Cognitive Development, edited by James C. Kaufman and John Baer.


Kaufman, J.C., Kaufman, S.B., & Plucker, J.A. (2013). Contemporary theories of intelligence. In J. Reisberg (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Psychology (pp. 811-822). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Kaufman, S.B., Reynolds, M.R., Liu, X., Kaufman, A.S., & McGrew, K.S. (2012). Are cognitive g and academic achievement g one and the same g? An exploration on the Woodcock-Johnson and Kaufman tests. Intelligence, 40, 123-138.

Sternberg, R.J., & Kaufman, S.B. (2012). Trends in intelligence research. Intelligence.

Kaufman, S.B. (2011). Intelligence and the cognitive unconscious. In R.J. Sternberg & S.B. Kaufman (Eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Intelligence (pp. 442-467). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Kaufman, S.B., DeYoung, C.G., Reis, D.L., & Gray, J.R. (2011). General intelligence predicts reasoning ability even for evolutionarily familiar content. Intelligence, 39, 311-322.

Kaufman, S.B., DeYoung, C.G., Gray, J.R., Jimenez, L., Brown, J.B., & Mackintosh, N. (2010). Implicit learning  as an ability. Cognition, 116, 321-340.

Brown, J.B., Aczel, B., Jimenez, L., Kaufman, S.B., Mackintosh, N., & Plaisted, K. (2010). Intact implicit learning in autism spectrum conditionsQuarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 1, 1-24.

Pretz, J.E., Totz, K.S., & Kaufman, S.B. (2010). The effects of mood, cognitive style, and cognitive ability on implicit learningLearning and Individual Differences, 20, 215-219.

Kaufman, S.B., DeYoung, C.G., Gray, J.R., Brown, J., & Mackintosh, N. (2009). Associative learning predicts intelligence above and beyond working memory and processing speed. Intelligence, 37, 374-382. 

Kaufman, S.B., & Sternberg, R.J. (2008). Conceptions of giftednessIn S. Pfeiffer (Ed.), Handbook of giftedness in children: Psycho-educational theory, research, and best practices. New York, NY: Plenum.

Kaufman, S.B., & Sternberg, R.J. (2007). Giftedness in the Euro-American culture. In S.N. Phillipson & M. McCann (Eds.), Conceptions of giftedness: Socio-cultural perspectives (pp. 377-413). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Kaufman, S.B. (2007). Sex differences in mental rotation and spatial visualization ability: can they be accounted for by differences in working memory capacity? Intelligence, 35, 211-223.

Kaufman, S.B., & Singer, J.L.  (2004). Applying the theory of successful intelligence to psychotherapy training and practiceImagination, Cognition, and Personality, 23, 325-355.

Kaufman, S.B., Ross, H.J., and Silk, E.M. (2001). A cognitive model of analytical reasoning using GRE problems. Final Project: Cognitive Modeling and Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Carnegie Mellon University.


Kaufman, S.B. (2009). Faith in intuition is associated with decreased latent inhibition in a sample of high achieving adolescents. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 3, 28-34.

Jonason, P.K., Kaufman, S.B., & Geher, G. (2013). What lies beneath the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen: Varied relations with the Big Five. Individual Differences Research, 11, 81-90.

Geher, G., & Kaufman, S.B. (2011). Mating intelligence. In R.J. Sternberg & S.B. Kaufman (Eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Intelligence. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Peterson, A., Geher, G., & Kaufman, S.B. (2011). Predicting preferences for sex acts: Which traits matter most, and why? Evolutionary Psychology, 9, 371-389.

Jelte, M.W., & Kaufman, S.B. (2011). An independent analysis of race differences in ratings of attractiveness in the Add Health Study.

O’Brien, D.T., Geher, G., Gallup, A.C., Garcia, J.R. & Kaufman, S.B. (2010). Self-perceived mating intelligence predicts sexual behavior in college students: Empirical validation of a theoretical constructImagination, Cognition, and Personality, 29, 341-362.