STUDY ALERT: Being Present: Focusing on the Present Predicts Improvements in Life Satisfaction But Not Happiness

by Scott Barry Kaufman, July 3, 2017 in Study Alerts, Blog

Being Present: Focusing on the Present Predicts Improvements in Life Satisfaction But Not Happiness Peter Felsman, Philippe Verduyn, Ozlem Ayduk, & Ethan Kross Mindfulness theorists suggest that people spend most of their time focusing on the past or future rather than the present. Despite the prevalence of this assumption, no research that we are aware […]

STUDY ALERT: Is there a “Flynn effect” for personality”?

by Scott Barry Kaufman, in Study Alerts, Blog

Secular rise in economically valuable personality traits Markus Jokela, Tuomas Pekkarinen, Matti Sarvimäki, Marko Terviö, and Roope Uusitalo The secular rise in intelligence across birth cohorts is one of the most widely documented facts in psychology. This finding is important because intelligence is a key predictor of many outcomes such as education, occupation, and income. Although noncognitive skills may […]

STUDY ALERT: Would you choose to be happy? Tradeoffs between happiness and the other dimensions of life in a large population survey

by Scott Barry Kaufman, May 26, 2017 in Study Alerts, Blog

Would you choose to be happy? Tradeoffs between happiness and the other dimensions of life in a large population survey Matthew D. Adlera, Paul Dolanb, Georgios Kavetsosc A large literature documents the determinants of happiness. But is happiness all that people want from life; and if so, what type of happiness matters to them? Or […]

STUDY ALERT: Lying Because We Care: Compassion Increases Prosocial Lying

by Scott Barry Kaufman, in Study Alerts, Blog

Lying Because We Care: Compassion Increases Prosocial Lying Matthew J. Lupoli, Lily Jampol, and Christopher Oveis  Prosocial lies, or lies intended to benefit others, are ubiquitous behaviors that have important social and economic consequences. Though emotions play a central role in many forms of prosocial behavior, no work has investigated how emotions influence behavior when one has […]

STUDY ALERT: Meta-analysis of the heritability of human traits based on fifty years of twin studies

by Scott Barry Kaufman, May 8, 2017 in Study Alerts

Meta-analysis of the heritability of human traits based on fifty years of twin studies Tinca J C Polderman, Beben Benyamin, Christiaan A de Leeuw, Patrick F Sullivan, Arjen van Bochoven, Peter M Visscher & Danielle Posthuma Despite a century of research on complex traits in humans, the relative importance and specific nature of the influences […]

STUDY ALERT: The neuroscience of grit and growth mindset

by Scott Barry Kaufman, April 25, 2017 in Study Alerts, Blog

The matter of motivation: Striatal resting-state connectivity is dissociable between grit and growth mindset Chelsea A. Myers, Cheng Wang, Jessica M. Black, Nicolle Bugescu, and Fumiko Hoeft The current study utilized resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to examine how two important non-cognitive skills, grit and growth mindset, are associated with cortico-striatal networks important for […]

STUDY ALERT: Can Personality Traits and Intelligence Compensate for Background Disadvantage? Predicting Status Attainment in Adulthood

by Scott Barry Kaufman, March 13, 2017 in Study Alerts, Blog

Can Personality Traits and Intelligence Compensate for Background Disadvantage? Predicting Status Attainment in Adulthood Rodica Ioana Damian, Rong Su, Michael Shanahan, Ulrich Trautwein, and Brent W. Roberts This study investigated the interplay of family background and individual differences, such as personality traits and intelligence (measured in a large U.S. representative sample of high school students; […]

STUDY ALERT: Personality Stability From Age 14 to Age 77 Years

by Scott Barry Kaufman, February 9, 2017 in Study Alerts, Blog

Personality Stability From Age 14 to Age 77 Years Mathew A. Harris, Caroline E. Brett, Wendy Johnson, Ian J. Deary  There is evidence for differential stability in personality trait differences, even over decades. The authors used data from a sample of the Scottish Mental Survey, 1947 to study personality stability from childhood to older age. The […]

Individual Differences and Their Measurement: A Review of 100 Years of Research

by Scott Barry Kaufman, February 3, 2017 in Study Alerts, Blog

Individual Differences and Their Measurement: A Review of 100 Years of Research Paul Sackett, Filip Lievens, and Nathan Kuncel This article reviews 100 years of research on individual differences and their measurement, with a focus on research published in the Journal of Applied Psychology. We focus on three major individual differences domains: (1) knowledge, skill, […]

STUDY ALERT: Reasoning on the Autism Spectrum: A Dual Process Theory Account

by Scott Barry Kaufman, January 10, 2017 in Study Alerts, Blog

Reasoning on the Autism Spectrum: A Dual Process Theory Account Mark Brosnan • Marcus Lewton • Chris Ashwin Abstract Dual process theory proposes two distinct reasoning processes in humans, an intuitive style that is rapid and automatic and a deliberative style that is more effortful. However, no study to date has specifically examined these reasoning […]

SBK Events View All

Sep 27, 2018 Ogden, Utah Families Alive Conference - Weber State University