STUDY ALERT: Cognitive Aging and Long-Term Maintenance of Attentional Improvements Following Meditation Training

by Scott Barry Kaufman, June 13, 2018 in Study Alerts

Cognitive Aging and Long-Term Maintenance of Attentional Improvements Following Meditation Training Anthony P. Zanesco1 & Brandon G. King2,3 & Katherine A. MacLean3 & Clifford D. Saron3,4 Abstract Sustained attention is effortful, demanding, and subject to limitations associated with age-related cognitive decline. Researchers have sought to examine whether attentional capacities can be enhanced through directed mental […]

An Existential-Humanistic View of Personality Change: Co-Occurring Changes with Psychological Well-Being in a 10 Year Cohort Study

by Scott Barry Kaufman, March 7, 2018 in Study Alerts, Blog

An Existential-Humanistic View of Personality Change: Co-Occurring Changes with Psychological Well-Being in a 10 Year Cohort Study Hilda Osafo Hounkpatin • Alex M. Wood • Christopher J. Boyce • Graham Dunn Abstract Increasingly, psychological research has indicated that an individual’s per- sonality changes across the lifespan. We aim to better understand personality change by examining […]

The time has come for dimensional personality disorder diagnosis

by Scott Barry Kaufman, February 15, 2018 in Study Alerts, Blog

“We are concerned about the implications of retaining a categorical system that has been so thoroughly shown to be empirically and clinically problematic. It is very difficult to justify allocating resources toward continued research on an approach that has proven to be fundamentally flawed, as opposed to a dimensional model that points to exciting new […]

The Paradox of Intelligence: Heritability and Malleability Coexist in Hidden Gene-Environment Interplay

by Scott Barry Kaufman, January 7, 2018 in Study Alerts, Blog

This integrative review advances the idea that gene–environment interplay underlies differences in human intelligence, and that the high heritability of IQ is not merely a product of genetic variation. Gene-environment correlations and interactions are obscured by typical research approaches, but their contribution to the development of intelligence explains a paradoxical body of evidence from recent […]

The Mindful Personality II: Exploring the Metatraits from a Cybernetic Perspective

by Scott Barry Kaufman, November 23, 2017 in Study Alerts, Blog

The Mindful Personality II: Exploring the Metatraits from a Cybernetic Perspective Adam W. Hanley & Anne K. Baker & Eric L. Garland Abstract Relationships between dispositional mindfulness and the personality metatraits, stability and plasticity, remain unexplored despite continued efforts to more accurately characterize associations between dispositional mindfulness and personality. The metatraits are theorized to constitute […]

STUDY ALERT: Are Measures of Character and Personality Distinct?

by Scott Barry Kaufman, October 25, 2017 in Study Alerts, Blog

Are Measures of Character and Personality Distinct? Robert E. McGrath, Ashley Hall-Simmonds, and Lewis R. Goldberg Two studies were conducted to investigate redundancy between the character strengths found in the VIA model of character and familiar personality facets. Study 1 used a community sample (N = 606) that completed a measure of character strengths, four […]

STUDY ALERT: The Role of Passion and Persistence in Creativity

by Scott Barry Kaufman, September 21, 2017 in Study Alerts, Blog

The Role of Passion and Persistence in Creativity Magdalena G. Grohman, Paul Silvia, Zorana Ivcevic, and Scott Barry Kaufman We examined the predictive power of 2 different conceptualizations of passion and persistence in relation to creative behavior. Specifically, we examined predictive power of the self-reported grit subscales (defined as a combination of passion/consistency of interests and perseverance) […]

STUDY ALERT: Physiological correlates and emotional specificity of human piloerection

by Scott Barry Kaufman, July 17, 2017 in Study Alerts, Blog

Physiological correlates and emotional specificity of human piloerection Mathias Benedeka & Christian Kaernbachb Piloerection is known as an indicator of strong emotional experiences. However, little is known about the physiological and emotional specificity of this psychophysiological response. In the presented study, piloerection was elicited by audio stimuli taken from music and film episodes. The physiological response […]

STUDY ALERT: If, Why, and When Subjective Well-Being Influences Health, and Future Needed Research

by Scott Barry Kaufman, July 10, 2017 in Study Alerts, Blog

If, Why, and When Subjective Well-Being Influences Health, and Future Needed Research Ed Diener, Sarah Pressman, John Hunter, and Desi Chase We review evidence on whether subjective well-being (SWB) can influence health, why it might do so, and what we know about the conditions where this is more or less likely to occur. This review […]

STUDY ALERT: Being Present: Focusing on the Present Predicts Improvements in Life Satisfaction But Not Happiness

by Scott Barry Kaufman, July 3, 2017 in Study Alerts, Blog

Being Present: Focusing on the Present Predicts Improvements in Life Satisfaction But Not Happiness Peter Felsman, Philippe Verduyn, Ozlem Ayduk, & Ethan Kross Mindfulness theorists suggest that people spend most of their time focusing on the past or future rather than the present. Despite the prevalence of this assumption, no research that we are aware […]

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