Scott Barry Kaufman is Scientific Director of The Imagination Institute in the Positive Psychology Center at the University of Pennsylvania. Kaufman investigates the development and measurement of intelligence, creativity, and personality (see scientific papers). He has six books, including Ungifted: Intelligence Redefined and The Philosophy of Creativity (with Elliot Samuel Paul). Kaufman is also the host of The Psychology Podcast, co-founder of The Creativity Post, and author of the column Beautiful Minds for Scientific American (see popular posts). Kaufman completed his doctorate in cognitive psychology from Yale University in 2009 and received his masters degree in experimental psychology from Cambridge University in 2005, where he was a Gates Cambridge Scholar.