STUDY ALERT: Would you choose to be happy? Tradeoffs between happiness and the other dimensions of life in a large population survey

by Scott Barry Kaufman, May 26, 2017 in Blog, Study Alerts

Would you choose to be happy? Tradeoffs between happiness and the other dimensions of life in a large population survey Matthew D. Adlera, Paul Dolanb, Georgios Kavetsosc A large literature documents the determinants of happiness. But is happiness all that people want from life; and if so, what type of happiness matters to them? Or […]

STUDY ALERT: Lying Because We Care: Compassion Increases Prosocial Lying

by Scott Barry Kaufman, in Blog, Study Alerts

Lying Because We Care: Compassion Increases Prosocial Lying Matthew J. Lupoli, Lily Jampol, and Christopher Oveis  Prosocial lies, or lies intended to benefit others, are ubiquitous behaviors that have important social and economic consequences. Though emotions play a central role in many forms of prosocial behavior, no work has investigated how emotions influence behavior when one has […]

STUDY ALERT: Meta-analysis of the heritability of human traits based on fifty years of twin studies

by Scott Barry Kaufman, May 8, 2017 in Study Alerts

Meta-analysis of the heritability of human traits based on fifty years of twin studies Tinca J C Polderman, Beben Benyamin, Christiaan A de Leeuw, Patrick F Sullivan, Arjen van Bochoven, Peter M Visscher & Danielle Posthuma Despite a century of research on complex traits in humans, the relative importance and specific nature of the influences […]

STUDY ALERT: The neuroscience of grit and growth mindset

by Scott Barry Kaufman, April 25, 2017 in Blog, Study Alerts

The matter of motivation: Striatal resting-state connectivity is dissociable between grit and growth mindset Chelsea A. Myers, Cheng Wang, Jessica M. Black, Nicolle Bugescu, and Fumiko Hoeft The current study utilized resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to examine how two important non-cognitive skills, grit and growth mindset, are associated with cortico-striatal networks important for […]

STUDY ALERT: Can Personality Traits and Intelligence Compensate for Background Disadvantage? Predicting Status Attainment in Adulthood

by Scott Barry Kaufman, March 13, 2017 in Blog, Study Alerts

Can Personality Traits and Intelligence Compensate for Background Disadvantage? Predicting Status Attainment in Adulthood Rodica Ioana Damian, Rong Su, Michael Shanahan, Ulrich Trautwein, and Brent W. Roberts This study investigated the interplay of family background and individual differences, such as personality traits and intelligence (measured in a large U.S. representative sample of high school students; […]

STUDY ALERT: Personality Stability From Age 14 to Age 77 Years

by Scott Barry Kaufman, February 9, 2017 in Blog, Study Alerts

Personality Stability From Age 14 to Age 77 Years Mathew A. Harris, Caroline E. Brett, Wendy Johnson, Ian J. Deary  There is evidence for differential stability in personality trait differences, even over decades. The authors used data from a sample of the Scottish Mental Survey, 1947 to study personality stability from childhood to older age. The […]

Individual Differences and Their Measurement: A Review of 100 Years of Research

by Scott Barry Kaufman, February 3, 2017 in Blog, Study Alerts

Individual Differences and Their Measurement: A Review of 100 Years of Research Paul Sackett, Filip Lievens, and Nathan Kuncel This article reviews 100 years of research on individual differences and their measurement, with a focus on research published in the Journal of Applied Psychology. We focus on three major individual differences domains: (1) knowledge, skill, […]

STUDY ALERT: Reasoning on the Autism Spectrum: A Dual Process Theory Account

by Scott Barry Kaufman, January 10, 2017 in Blog, Study Alerts

Reasoning on the Autism Spectrum: A Dual Process Theory Account Mark Brosnan • Marcus Lewton • Chris Ashwin Abstract Dual process theory proposes two distinct reasoning processes in humans, an intuitive style that is rapid and automatic and a deliberative style that is more effortful. However, no study to date has specifically examined these reasoning […]

STUDY ALERT: A Systematic Review of Personality Trait Change Through Intervention

by Scott Barry Kaufman, January 7, 2017 in Blog, Study Alerts

A Systematic Review of Personality Trait Change Through Intervention Brent W. Roberts, Jing Luo, Daniel A. Briley, Philip I. Chow, Rong Su, and Patrick L. Hill The current meta-analysis investigated the extent to which personality traits changed as a result of intervention, with the primary focus on clinical interventions. We identified 207 studies that had […]

STUDY ALERT: What grades and achievement tests measure

by Scott Barry Kaufman, January 1, 2017 in Blog, Study Alerts

What grades and achievement tests measure Lex Borghansa, Bart H. H. Golsteyna, James J. Heckman, and John Eric Humphriesc Intelligence quotient (IQ), grades, and scores on achievement tests are widely used as measures of cognition, but the correlations among them are far from perfect. This paper uses a variety of datasets to show that personality […]

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