STUDY ALERT: The Role of Passion and Persistence in Creativity

by Scott Barry Kaufman, September 21, 2017 in Blog, Study Alerts

The Role of Passion and Persistence in Creativity Magdalena G. Grohman, Paul Silvia, Zorana Ivcevic, and Scott Barry Kaufman We examined the predictive power of 2 different conceptualizations of passion and persistence in relation to creative behavior. Specifically, we examined predictive power of the self-reported grit subscales (defined as a combination of passion/consistency of interests and perseverance) […]

STUDY ALERT: Physiological correlates and emotional specificity of human piloerection

by Scott Barry Kaufman, July 17, 2017 in Blog, Study Alerts

Physiological correlates and emotional specificity of human piloerection Mathias Benedeka & Christian Kaernbachb Piloerection is known as an indicator of strong emotional experiences. However, little is known about the physiological and emotional specificity of this psychophysiological response. In the presented study, piloerection was elicited by audio stimuli taken from music and film episodes. The physiological response […]

STUDY ALERT: If, Why, and When Subjective Well-Being Influences Health, and Future Needed Research

by Scott Barry Kaufman, July 10, 2017 in Blog, Study Alerts

If, Why, and When Subjective Well-Being Influences Health, and Future Needed Research Ed Diener, Sarah Pressman, John Hunter, and Desi Chase We review evidence on whether subjective well-being (SWB) can influence health, why it might do so, and what we know about the conditions where this is more or less likely to occur. This review […]

STUDY ALERT: Being Present: Focusing on the Present Predicts Improvements in Life Satisfaction But Not Happiness

by Scott Barry Kaufman, July 3, 2017 in Blog, Study Alerts

Being Present: Focusing on the Present Predicts Improvements in Life Satisfaction But Not Happiness Peter Felsman, Philippe Verduyn, Ozlem Ayduk, & Ethan Kross Mindfulness theorists suggest that people spend most of their time focusing on the past or future rather than the present. Despite the prevalence of this assumption, no research that we are aware […]

STUDY ALERT: Is there a “Flynn effect” for personality”?

by Scott Barry Kaufman, in Blog, Study Alerts

Secular rise in economically valuable personality traits Markus Jokela, Tuomas Pekkarinen, Matti Sarvimäki, Marko Terviö, and Roope Uusitalo The secular rise in intelligence across birth cohorts is one of the most widely documented facts in psychology. This finding is important because intelligence is a key predictor of many outcomes such as education, occupation, and income. Although noncognitive skills may […]

STUDY ALERT: Would you choose to be happy? Tradeoffs between happiness and the other dimensions of life in a large population survey

by Scott Barry Kaufman, May 26, 2017 in Blog, Study Alerts

Would you choose to be happy? Tradeoffs between happiness and the other dimensions of life in a large population survey Matthew D. Adlera, Paul Dolanb, Georgios Kavetsosc A large literature documents the determinants of happiness. But is happiness all that people want from life; and if so, what type of happiness matters to them? Or […]

STUDY ALERT: Lying Because We Care: Compassion Increases Prosocial Lying

by Scott Barry Kaufman, in Blog, Study Alerts

Lying Because We Care: Compassion Increases Prosocial Lying Matthew J. Lupoli, Lily Jampol, and Christopher Oveis  Prosocial lies, or lies intended to benefit others, are ubiquitous behaviors that have important social and economic consequences. Though emotions play a central role in many forms of prosocial behavior, no work has investigated how emotions influence behavior when one has […]

STUDY ALERT: Meta-analysis of the heritability of human traits based on fifty years of twin studies

by Scott Barry Kaufman, May 8, 2017 in Study Alerts

Meta-analysis of the heritability of human traits based on fifty years of twin studies Tinca J C Polderman, Beben Benyamin, Christiaan A de Leeuw, Patrick F Sullivan, Arjen van Bochoven, Peter M Visscher & Danielle Posthuma Despite a century of research on complex traits in humans, the relative importance and specific nature of the influences […]

STUDY ALERT: The neuroscience of grit and growth mindset

by Scott Barry Kaufman, April 25, 2017 in Blog, Study Alerts

The matter of motivation: Striatal resting-state connectivity is dissociable between grit and growth mindset Chelsea A. Myers, Cheng Wang, Jessica M. Black, Nicolle Bugescu, and Fumiko Hoeft The current study utilized resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to examine how two important non-cognitive skills, grit and growth mindset, are associated with cortico-striatal networks important for […]

STUDY ALERT: Can Personality Traits and Intelligence Compensate for Background Disadvantage? Predicting Status Attainment in Adulthood

by Scott Barry Kaufman, March 13, 2017 in Blog, Study Alerts

Can Personality Traits and Intelligence Compensate for Background Disadvantage? Predicting Status Attainment in Adulthood Rodica Ioana Damian, Rong Su, Michael Shanahan, Ulrich Trautwein, and Brent W. Roberts This study investigated the interplay of family background and individual differences, such as personality traits and intelligence (measured in a large U.S. representative sample of high school students; […]

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