STUDY ALERT: Can Personality Traits and Intelligence Compensate for Background Disadvantage? Predicting Status Attainment in Adulthood

by Scott Barry Kaufman, March 13, 2017 in Blog, Study Alerts

Can Personality Traits and Intelligence Compensate for Background Disadvantage? Predicting Status Attainment in Adulthood Rodica Ioana Damian, Rong Su, Michael Shanahan, Ulrich Trautwein, and Brent W. Roberts This study investigated the interplay of family background and individual differences, such as personality traits and intelligence (measured in a large U.S. representative sample of high school students; […]

Spontaneous thought gets stuck with rumination

by Scott Barry Kaufman, February 20, 2017 in Blog

Authors: Elizabeth DuPre & R. Nathan Spreng Abstract Although there has been extensive interest in rumination as a trait-level contributor to psychopathology, research on the neural correlates of ongoing rumination is relatively recent. In this chapter, we examine rumination as a unique mode of thought capable of arising in both normative and pathological contexts. Viewed […]

The State of Positive Education

by Scott Barry Kaufman, February 14, 2017 in Blog

Positive education views school as a place where students not only cultivate their intellectual minds, but also develop a broad set of character strengths, virtues, and competencies, which together support their well-being. What this looks like differs from country to country and school-to-school, but at its core is the ‘character + academics’ approach to education. […]

STUDY ALERT: Personality Stability From Age 14 to Age 77 Years

by Scott Barry Kaufman, February 9, 2017 in Blog, Study Alerts

Personality Stability From Age 14 to Age 77 Years Mathew A. Harris, Caroline E. Brett, Wendy Johnson, Ian J. Deary  There is evidence for differential stability in personality trait differences, even over decades. The authors used data from a sample of the Scottish Mental Survey, 1947 to study personality stability from childhood to older age. The […]

Individual Differences and Their Measurement: A Review of 100 Years of Research

by Scott Barry Kaufman, February 3, 2017 in Blog, Study Alerts

Individual Differences and Their Measurement: A Review of 100 Years of Research Paul Sackett, Filip Lievens, and Nathan Kuncel This article reviews 100 years of research on individual differences and their measurement, with a focus on research published in the Journal of Applied Psychology. We focus on three major individual differences domains: (1) knowledge, skill, […]

Which Personality Traits Are Most Predictive of Well-Being?

by Scott Barry Kaufman, January 27, 2017 in Blog

We all want more well-being in our lives. But which traits are most likely to be associated with well-being? This is an important question because it can help inform our decision to cultivate some aspects of our being over others, and can even inform culture-wide interventions to increase societal levels of well-being. But in answering […]

Creative giftedness is different from intellectual giftedness

by Scott Barry Kaufman, January 18, 2017 in Blog

Intellectual giftedness is different from creative giftedness. They are correlated, but they each have unique correlates, and sometimes even have *opposite* correlates. Students who are intellectually gifted tend to be excellent on-the-spot problem solvers and can absorb knowledge like a sponge, whereas creative giftedness can easily be misdiagnosed as ADHD because it’s correlated with impulsivity […]

2 Beautiful Minds We Lost in 2016: Seymour Epstein and Shane Lopez

by Scott Barry Kaufman, January 15, 2017 in Blog

In 2016 we lost a lot of human lives. While high profile celebrities are the most visible ones, let’s not forget there were so many lives lost, that once were so full of meaning and purpose, and touched so many on a daily basis. In her beautiful new book, The Power of Meaning: Crafting a Life that […]

STUDY ALERT: Reasoning on the Autism Spectrum: A Dual Process Theory Account

by Scott Barry Kaufman, January 10, 2017 in Blog, Study Alerts

Reasoning on the Autism Spectrum: A Dual Process Theory Account Mark Brosnan • Marcus Lewton • Chris Ashwin Abstract Dual process theory proposes two distinct reasoning processes in humans, an intuitive style that is rapid and automatic and a deliberative style that is more effortful. However, no study to date has specifically examined these reasoning […]

STUDY ALERT: A Systematic Review of Personality Trait Change Through Intervention

by Scott Barry Kaufman, January 7, 2017 in Blog, Study Alerts

A Systematic Review of Personality Trait Change Through Intervention Brent W. Roberts, Jing Luo, Daniel A. Briley, Philip I. Chow, Rong Su, and Patrick L. Hill The current meta-analysis investigated the extent to which personality traits changed as a result of intervention, with the primary focus on clinical interventions. We identified 207 studies that had […]

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