STUDY ALERT: Lying Because We Care: Compassion Increases Prosocial Lying

by Scott Barry Kaufman, May 26, 2017 in Blog, Study Alerts

Lying Because We Care: Compassion Increases Prosocial Lying Matthew J. Lupoli, Lily Jampol, and Christopher Oveis  Prosocial lies, or lies intended to benefit others, are ubiquitous behaviors that have important social and economic consequences. Though emotions play a central role in many forms of prosocial behavior, no work has investigated how emotions influence behavior when one has […]

Creativity and personality: Nuances of domain and mood

by Scott Barry Kaufman, May 16, 2017 in Blog

Creativity and personality: Nuances of domain and mood Christa L. Taylor, Alexander S. McKay, and James C. Kaufman The nature of the relationship between creativity and personality is one of the core issues at the heart of creativity research. It is a rare topic that can both inspire a kneejerk, obvious response (such as “Openness […]

STUDY ALERT: The neuroscience of grit and growth mindset

by Scott Barry Kaufman, April 25, 2017 in Blog, Study Alerts

The matter of motivation: Striatal resting-state connectivity is dissociable between grit and growth mindset Chelsea A. Myers, Cheng Wang, Jessica M. Black, Nicolle Bugescu, and Fumiko Hoeft The current study utilized resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to examine how two important non-cognitive skills, grit and growth mindset, are associated with cortico-striatal networks important for […]

The Virtue of Despair

by Scott Barry Kaufman, April 8, 2017 in Blog

“Out of such abysses, from such severe sickness one returns newborn, having shed one’s skin, more ticklish and malicious, with a more delicate taste for joy, with a more tender tongue for all good things, with merrier senses, with a second dangerous innocence in joy, more childhood and yet a hundred times subtler than one […]

The Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology (HiTOP): A Dimensional Alternative to Traditional Nosologies

by Scott Barry Kaufman, April 2, 2017 in Blog

The Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology (HiTOP): A Dimensional Alternative to Traditional Nosologies Roman Kotov, Robert F. Krueger, David Watson, Thomas M. Achenbach, Robert R. Althoff, R. Michael Bagby, Timothy A. Brown, William T. Carpenter, Avshalom Caspi, Lee Anna Clark, Nicholas R. Eaton, Miriam K. Forbes, Kelsie T. Forbush, David Goldberg, Deborah Hasin, Steven E. Hyman, Masha […]

B.F. Skinner to Abraham Maslow: “I have had many peak experiences”

by Scott Barry Kaufman, March 29, 2017 in Blog

In his book Psychology of Science: A Reconnaissance, humanistic psychologist Abraham Maslow criticized the experimental psychologists of the day, including the behaviorists, for ignoring the higher values of humanity. Well, B.F. Skinner wasn’t pleased with this assessment! In this incredible personal letter from Skinner to Maslow (dated mid-60s), Skinner responds: “I suppose I am a neo-behaviorist, and […]

What Are Everyday Daydreamers Like?

by Scott Barry Kaufman, March 20, 2017 in Blog

“Before experimenting, isn’t it appropriate to know as exactly as possible on what one is going to experiment?” — Sartre Rarely do I read a scientific paper that overwhelms me with so much excitement, awe, and reverence. Well, a new paper in Psychological Science has really got me revved up, and I am bursting to share their findings with […]

Openness/Intellect: The Core of the Creative Personality

by Scott Barry Kaufman, March 18, 2017 in Blog

Openness/Intellect: The Core of the Creative Personality Victoria C. Oleynick, Colin G. DeYoung, Elizabeth Hyde, Scott Barry Kaufman, Roger E. Beaty, and Paul J. Silvia  (Appears in The Cambridge Handbook of Creativity and Personality Research, edited by Gregory J. Feist, Roni Reiter-Palmon, and James C. Kaufman) Openness/intellect is perhaps the broadest, most contentious, and most […]

STUDY ALERT: Can Personality Traits and Intelligence Compensate for Background Disadvantage? Predicting Status Attainment in Adulthood

by Scott Barry Kaufman, March 13, 2017 in Blog, Study Alerts

Can Personality Traits and Intelligence Compensate for Background Disadvantage? Predicting Status Attainment in Adulthood Rodica Ioana Damian, Rong Su, Michael Shanahan, Ulrich Trautwein, and Brent W. Roberts This study investigated the interplay of family background and individual differences, such as personality traits and intelligence (measured in a large U.S. representative sample of high school students; […]

Spontaneous thought gets stuck with rumination

by Scott Barry Kaufman, February 20, 2017 in Blog

Authors: Elizabeth DuPre & R. Nathan Spreng Abstract Although there has been extensive interest in rumination as a trait-level contributor to psychopathology, research on the neural correlates of ongoing rumination is relatively recent. In this chapter, we examine rumination as a unique mode of thought capable of arising in both normative and pathological contexts. Viewed […]

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