STUDY ALERT: Training the Brain: Practical Applications of Neural Plasticity

by Scott Barry Kaufman, January 9, 2012 in Study Alerts

Title: Practical Applications of Neural Plasticity From the Intersection of Cognitive Neuroscience, Developmental Psychology, and Prevention Science

Author: Richard L. Bryck and Philip A. Fisher

Abstract

Prior researchers have shown that the brain has a remarkable ability for adapting to environmental changes. The positive effects of such neural plasticity include enhanced functioning in specific cognitive domains and shifts in cortical representation following naturally occurring cases of sensory deprivation; however, maladaptive changes in brain function and development owing to early developmental adversity and stress have also been well documented. Researchers examining enriched rearing environments in animals have revealed the potential for inducing positive brain plasticity effects and have helped to popularize methods for training the brain to reverse early brain deficits or to boost normal cognitive functioning. Read More

STUDY ALERT: High-Stakes Testing: Does It Increase Achievement?

by Scott Barry Kaufman, in Study Alerts

TITLE: High-Stakes Testing: Does It Increase Achievement?

AUTHOR: Sharon L. Nichols

ABSTRACT

I review the literature on the impact on student achievement of high-stakes testing. Its popularity as a mechanism for holding educators accountable has triggered studies to examine whether its promise to increase student learning has been fulfilled. The review concludes there is no consistent evidence to suggest high-stakes testing leads to increases in student learning*. Read More

STUDY ALERT: Intelligence: New Findings and Theoretical Developments

by Scott Barry Kaufman, January 8, 2012 in Study Alerts

This is an important update to Ulric Neisser et al.’s seminal 1996 article Intelligence: Knowns and unknowns. Read More

Must One Risk Madness to Achieve Genius?

by Scott Barry Kaufman, in Blog

“There is only one difference between a madman and me. I am not mad.” — Salvador Dali Must one risk getting lost in the sea of madness in order to reach the lone island of genius? While not necessarily mad, creative minds are often chaotic, untethered and unhinged. These thought processes enable a creative person […]

Introducing “STUDY ALERT”: Fluid insight moderates the relationship between psychoticism and crystallized intelligence

by Scott Barry Kaufman, January 7, 2012 in Study Alerts

Truth is: I’ve become increasingly agitated by most science reporting of psychological studies. Somewhere along the way, something usually gets misrepresented. Maybe it’s the sensational title. Maybe it’s the misquoting. Maybe it’s a misunderstanding of what a correlation means or what constitutes a large or meaningful effect size or the equating of a gene with […]

Educational Psychologist Kevin McGrew: An IQ Test Maker Who Goes Beyond IQ

by Scott Barry Kaufman, in Blog

Dr. Kevin McGrew is the Director of the Institute for Applied Psychometrics (IAP).  He received a masters degree in school psychology at Moorhead State University and his doctoral degree in Educational Psychology at the University of Minnesota.  He was a practicing school psychologist for 12 years.  He spent 10 years as a Professor of Applied […]

Who Is Currently Identified as Gifted in the United States?

by Scott Barry Kaufman, in Blog

Today, lots of different definitions of giftedness exist. This wasn’t always the case. Prior to 1972, practically every school used one criterion and one criterion only to identify giftedness: an IQ cut-off of 130. This criterion was heavily influenced by the pioneering work of Lewis Terman, who equated high IQ with genius. Read More

The Will and Ways of Hope

by Scott Barry Kaufman, December 29, 2011 in Blog

Talent, skill, ability—whatever you want to call it—will not get you there. Sure, it helps. But a wealth of psychological research over the past few decades show loud and clear that it’s the psychological vehicles that really get you there. You can have the best engine in the world, but if you can’t be bothered […]

The Origins of Positive-Constructive Daydreaming

by Scott Barry Kaufman, December 25, 2011 in Blog

[This article was written by Scott Barry Kaufman and Jerome L. Singer] Once accused of being absent-minded, the founder of American Psychology, William James, quipped that he was really just present-minded to his own thoughts. William James didn’t just live in his own head, but he also studied the phenomenon, coining the term “stream of […]

Confidence Matters Just as Much as Ability

by Scott Barry Kaufman, December 7, 2011 in Blog

A bulk of research shows that when people are put in situations where they are expected to fail, their performance does plummet. They turn into different people. Their head literally shuts down, and they end up confirming the expectations. When they’re expected to win, their performance shoots back up. Same person, difference expectations. In recent […]

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