Which Personality Traits Are Most Predictive of Well-Being?

by Scott Barry Kaufman, January 27, 2017 in Blog

We all want more well-being in our lives. But which traits are most likely to be associated with well-being? This is an important question because it can help inform our decision to cultivate some aspects of our being over others, and can even inform culture-wide interventions to increase societal levels of well-being. But in answering […]

Creative giftedness is different from intellectual giftedness

by Scott Barry Kaufman, January 18, 2017 in Blog

Intellectual giftedness is different from creative giftedness. They are correlated, but they each have unique correlates, and sometimes even have *opposite* correlates. Students who are intellectually gifted tend to be excellent on-the-spot problem solvers and can absorb knowledge like a sponge, whereas creative giftedness can easily be misdiagnosed as ADHD because it’s correlated with impulsivity […]

2 Beautiful Minds We Lost in 2016: Seymour Epstein and Shane Lopez

by Scott Barry Kaufman, January 15, 2017 in Blog

In 2016 we lost a lot of human lives. While high profile celebrities are the most visible ones, let’s not forget there were so many lives lost, that once were so full of meaning and purpose, and touched so many on a daily basis. In her beautiful new book, The Power of Meaning: Crafting a Life that […]

STUDY ALERT: Reasoning on the Autism Spectrum: A Dual Process Theory Account

by Scott Barry Kaufman, January 10, 2017 in Blog, Study Alerts

Reasoning on the Autism Spectrum: A Dual Process Theory Account Mark Brosnan • Marcus Lewton • Chris Ashwin Abstract Dual process theory proposes two distinct reasoning processes in humans, an intuitive style that is rapid and automatic and a deliberative style that is more effortful. However, no study to date has specifically examined these reasoning […]

STUDY ALERT: A Systematic Review of Personality Trait Change Through Intervention

by Scott Barry Kaufman, January 7, 2017 in Blog, Study Alerts

A Systematic Review of Personality Trait Change Through Intervention Brent W. Roberts, Jing Luo, Daniel A. Briley, Philip I. Chow, Rong Su, and Patrick L. Hill The current meta-analysis investigated the extent to which personality traits changed as a result of intervention, with the primary focus on clinical interventions. We identified 207 studies that had […]

STUDY ALERT: What grades and achievement tests measure

by Scott Barry Kaufman, January 1, 2017 in Blog, Study Alerts

What grades and achievement tests measure Lex Borghansa, Bart H. H. Golsteyna, James J. Heckman, and John Eric Humphriesc Intelligence quotient (IQ), grades, and scores on achievement tests are widely used as measures of cognition, but the correlations among them are far from perfect. This paper uses a variety of datasets to show that personality […]

How Can Education Foster Imagination and Creativity?

by Scott Barry Kaufman, December 29, 2016 in Blog

  What is the role of imagination in education, and how can education foster imagination and creativity? What is the purpose of education? What is the purpose of a teacher? What are the active ingredients of effective learning? Given educators’ penchant for measurement, how might imagination and creativity be assessed in students and in teachers? These were the […]

One Skeptical Scientist’s Mindfulness Journey

by Scott Barry Kaufman, December 19, 2016 in Blog

Me: I constantly feel anxious. It’s usually about nothing in particular. Just a feeling deep in the pit of my stomach about human existence. My doctor: I think you may be ready for an SSRI. Me: Give me 8 weeks. Just 8 weeks. My doctor: Good luck. For years, I’ve been told to try mindfulness, by everyone […]

The facebook algorithm is like life

by Scott Barry Kaufman, December 11, 2016 in Blog

Life is a lot like the facebook algorithm. The more I ‘like’ posts from a particular person or company, the more these people and companies pop up in priority in my stream and dominates the rest of the feed. That’s just how modules work. The more we feed certain urges, the stronger the signal (emotion), […]

STUDY ALERT: White Matter Correlates of Psychosis-Linked Traits Support Continuity Between Personality and Psychopathology

by Scott Barry Kaufman, in Blog, Study Alerts

White Matter Correlates of Psychosis-Linked Traits Support Continuity Between Personality and Psychopathology Rachael Grazioplene, Robert Chavez, Aldo Rustichini, and Colin DeYoung The link between diagnoses of psychotic disorders and attenuated white matter connectivity is well established, but little is known about the degree to which similar white matter differences predict traits linked to psychosis-proneness in […]

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